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Is free education failing Kenya’s children? A mother’s dilemma

09/07/2012 | Audrey Wabwire

A student at a public primary school in Kenya takes notes during a lesson - Adrian Gathu | Panos London

Children enjoy free primary schooling in Kenya. Yet many fail basic literacy tests and corruption has affected schools. Journalist and mother Audrey Wabwire explores the problems in this audio report.

Nigeria: eroded earth swallows up homes

05/17/2011 | Ugochi Anyaka

A collapsed drain built by the Nigerian government in 1983 to control the floods. Ugochi Anyaka - Panos London

Nigerian reporter Ugochi Anyaka witnesses the effects of massive soil erosion and hears possible solutions.

Kenya: saving for a dry day

04/25/2011 | Winnie Onyimbo

Teso Chachika, and her family, rely on food relief due to a severe drought. Others in the Eastern Province of Kenya are trying to create Savings Clubs to buy drought resistant crops / Frederic Courbet - Panos Pictures

In Kenya’s Eastern Province, severe droughts mean many farmers are reduced to living on food aid. But a savings club is helping households to grow drought-resistant crops, giving them a fighting chance during the hard times brought on by changes in the climate.

Uganda: Wetlands dry up as rice demand soars

06/02/2010 | Emmanuel Okella

The landscape has been changing dramatically near Mbale, in the east of Uganda, because of changing uses of the wetlands / Andy Johnstone - Panos Pictures

Uganda's wetlands have provided drainage and prevented flooding during rainy seasons for centuries. But rice is rapidly replacing traditional crops, and becoming an environmental liability in the process.

Zambia: Farming revolution

01/12/2010 | Arnold Tutu

Young women cultivating a field of maize in the Shangombo District of Zambia. The government is pumping money into the commercial farming sector in the hopes that it will turn around the economy / Sean Sprague - Panos pictures

Zambia is pumping money into the commercial farming sector in the hope of turning around its economy. With overseas investors being invited to run farms on prime agricultural land, can smaller Zambian farmers hope to compete?

Ghana: Taxation, what’s in it for me?

11/27/2009 | Isaac Tetteh

Ghana | A man on his mobile phone at the Kuapa Kokoo farmers' co-operative. The Ghanan state has introduced taxes on mobile phone calls / Aubrey Wade - Panos pictures

Ghana's government is keen to raise more income from tax. Over the past 30 years successive governments have tried to push through tax reforms but some have been violently opposed by the public, meaning the current government is taking a different approach.

Uganda: Small farmers pay their dues

11/27/2009 | Wambi Michael

Traders transporting bananas by bike. Traders are complaining that a local tax - nicknamed empoza - that they have to pay to sell goods at markets is taking advantage of them / Jim Holmes - Panos pictures

Local authorities in Uganda collect taxes which are then used to pay for improvements to the local area. One such tax is a fee paid by farmers and traders who want to sell their goods at markets. Known locally as empoza, it's resented by many poorer traders.

Kenya: Taxing times for street hawkers

11/25/2009 | Eric Kadenge

A woman sells vegetables in Kibera slum, in Kenya's capital Nairobi. The government is trying to bring informal workers into the mainstream economy / Frederic Courbet - Panos pictures

Street hawkers face a daily battle with the authorities to sell their goods on the streets of Nairobi, finding themselves on the wrong side of the law as the Kenyan government tries to bring informal vendors into the mainstream economy.

Relocation dilemmas for Bhutanese refugees

07/28/2009 | Naresh Newar

Nepal | Boys at a Bhutanese refugee settlement play carrom. The UN has started a resettlement process to help refugees move to the West / Chris de Bode - Panos Pictures

In 1990 up to 100,000 ethnically Nepali Lhotsampas were expelled from Bhutan, after the government introduced a new citizenship test.

Tanzania: Power comes at a price

06/02/2009 | Neville Meena

An oil rig in the Niger delta. On the other side of the continent, in Tanzania, people are complaining that they're not getting access to their own sources of energy / Jacob Silberberg - Panos Pictures

In Tanzania gas from Songo Songo island is being converted into low-cost electricity in the capital Dar es Salaam. But the local people living near the gas reserves have no access to the energy.

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